蓬莱红宝石葡萄酒有限公司

解读澳洲朗顿评级系统

发表时间:2020-06-15 00:01作者:主页菌

Langton’s是澳洲規模最大的葡萄酒拍卖公司,一年拍卖的葡萄酒超过10万批次,而其公告的拍卖价格及Wine Index(葡萄酒指数)也成为消费者及其他拍卖公司重要的参考指标。在澳大利亚,Langton’s拍卖行以其定期承办的“澳洲葡萄酒品分类展”、年度奔富(Penfold’s)拍卖会以及网上诸多拍卖活动而众所周知,并为澳洲中高端葡萄酒市场的发展做出了重要的贡献。

Langton’s 澳大利亚葡萄酒分级”展示了在澳大利亚新兴的葡萄酒拍卖市场上最突出表现的佳酿。能被列入该分级的最重要的衡量标准是至少有10个年份并在拍卖市场上有连续的记录。根据拍卖价格、记录、需求量及名声,分级包括四个级别:

Distinguished-优秀

Excellent-高级

Outstanding-特级

Exceptional-顶级

Langton’s 每五年编订的Classification of Australian Wine一直是葡萄酒迷很重视的购酒参考指南,该系统自1991年第一次发布,基本上是每5年更新一次。下面是到目前的5次评选和入选酒的数量。其中每次入选的量都有所增加。

1991 Classification (I)-34 Wines

1996 Classification (II)-64 Wines

2000 Classification (III)-89 Wines

2005 Classification (IV)-101 Wines

2010 Classification (V)-123 Wines

南澳是优质葡萄酒的主要产地

南澳:Exceptional-顶级5款、Outstanding-特级14款、Excellent-高级20款、Distinguished-优秀14款,合计53款,占到澳洲优质葡萄酒的52.48%。

维多利亚:Exceptional-顶级3款、Outstanding-特级5款、Excellent-高级8款、Distinguished-优秀13款,合计29款,占到澳洲优质葡萄酒的28.71%。

西澳:Exceptional-顶级3款、Outstanding-特级1款、Excellent-高级3款、Distinguished-优秀4款,合计11款,占到澳洲优质葡萄酒的10.89%。

新南威尔士:Exceptional-顶级0款、Outstanding-特级1款、Excellent-高级3款、Distinguished-优秀2款,合计6款,占到澳洲优质葡萄酒的5.94%。

由于不少中国的葡萄酒爱好者们在买酒时都很习惯的重视产地,很显然,来自澳洲南澳的葡萄酒会更为靠谱。不过,由于西澳的产量不大,酒厂也不多,所以其实际的优质比例很可能也很高,尤其是出自玛格丽特河谷地区的葡萄酒。但是就澳洲全境来看,澳大利亚各地的优质葡萄酒分布极度不均衡,南澳依然是优秀葡萄酒的主要产地。

设拉子仍然时澳洲的代表

澳洲的葡萄酒在经过了几十年的品质提升之后,在品种上已经非常的丰富。但是,从”Langton’s评级系统的统计中还是可以看出,西拉/设拉子的地位无法动摇。同时长期躲在西拉阴影下的赤霞珠也正在奋发图强。而曾经被大家寄予厚望的长相思还不太成熟,在101款优质葡萄酒的清单上还没有她的影子。

西拉/设拉子:Exceptional-顶级4款、Outstanding-特级14款、Excellent-高级16款、Distinguished-优秀14款。

赤霞珠:Exceptional-顶级2款、Outstanding-特级3款、Excellent-高级10款、Distinguished-优秀13款。

红葡萄酒仍是澳洲优质葡萄酒的主流

尽管澳洲不少地区气候炎热,但是清爽的白葡萄酒似乎还没有成为优质葡萄酒的主流。在101款葡萄酒中,白葡萄酒共有14款,比例为13.86%。霞多丽仍然很强悍,在入选14款白酒中,独占7款。另外的两个流行品种是雷司令和赛美隆,其中的雷司令非常的有澳洲的特点。

经过上面对于”Langton’s的数字分析,澳洲优质葡萄酒的版图一目了然:奔富是最有实力的品牌,南澳可能是最好的产区,西拉是澳洲葡萄品种的代表。有了这三条基本结论,挑选澳洲优质葡萄酒时,应该是信心满怀了。

2010年澳大利亚朗顿分级酒单

第五版朗顿分级入选的酒款较2005年的第四版一口气增加了22款,其中大家最关心的Exceptional等级也增加至17款。而原有的11款并没有任何一款掉出榜外,新增的6款包括Brokenwood Graveyard Vineyard、Chris Ringland Shiraz、Clarendon Hills Astralis、Clonakilla Shiraz Viognier、Grosset Polish Hill、Torbreck RunRig 等,基本上也算实至名归。

Exceptional 顶级(17 wines)

PENFOLDS Bin 95 Grange Shiraz South Australia

BASS PHILLIP Reserve Pinot Noir South Gippsland Victoria

BROKENWOOD WINES Graveyard Vineyard Shiraz Hunter Valley

CHRIS RINGLAND Shiraz Barossa South Australia

CLARENDON HILLS Astralis Syrah McLaren Vale South Australia

CLONAKILLA Shiraz Viognier Canberra District New South Wales

CULLEN Diana Madeline Cabernet Merlot Margaret River Western Australia

GIACONDA Chardonnay Beechworth Victoria

GROSSET Polish Hill Riesling Clare Valley South Australia

HENSCHKE Hill of Grace Shiraz Eden Valley South Australia

LEEUWIN ESTATE Art Series Chardonnay Margaret River Western Australia

MOSS WOOD Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River Western Australia

MOUNT MARY Quintet Cabernet Blend Yarra Valley Victoria

PENFOLDS Bin 707 Cabernet Sauvignon South Australia

ROCKFORD Basket Press Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

TORBRECK RunRig Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

WENDOUREE Shiraz Clare Valley South Australia

Outstanding 特级(32 wines)

BALNAVES OF COONAWARRA The Tally Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon

BAROSSA VALLEY ESTATE E & E Black Pepper Shiraz Barossa Valley

BASS PHILLIP Premium Pinot Noir South Gippsland Victoria

BEST’S Thomson Family Great Western Shiraz Grampians Victoria

BINDI Block 5 Pinot Noir Macedon Ranges Victoria

d’ARENBERG The Dead Arm Shiraz McLaren Vale South Australia

DALWHINNIE The Eagle Shiraz Pyrenees Victoria

DE BORTOLI Noble One Botrytis Semillon Riverina New South Wales

GRANT BURGE Meshach Shiraz Barossa South Australia

GREENOCK CREEK Roennfeldt Road Cabernet Sauvignon Barossa Valley

GREENOCK CREEK Roennfeldt Road Shiraz Barossa Valley

GROSSET Springvale Riesling Watervale South Australia

HARDY’S Eileen Hardy Shiraz South Australia

HENSCHKE Mount Edelstone Shiraz Eden Valley South Australia

JASPER HILL Emily’s Paddock Shiraz Cabernet Franc Heathcote Victoria

JASPER HILL Georgia’s Paddock Shiraz Heathcote Victoria

JIM BARRY The Armagh Shiraz Clare Valley South Australia

KAESLER WINES Old Bastard Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

KATNOOK ESTATE Odyssey Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

KAY BROTHERS AMERY VINEYARDS Block 6 Old Vine Shiraz McLaren Vale

MAJELLA The Malleea Cabernet Shiraz Coonawarra South Australia

MCWILLIAM’S Mount Pleasant Lovedale Semillon Hunter Valley

MOUNT MARY Pinot Noir Yarra Valley Victoria

NOON Reserve Shiraz Langhorne Creek SA

PENFOLDS Bin 389 Cabernet Shiraz South Australia

PENFOLDS St. Henri Shiraz South Australia

PIERRO Chardonnay Margaret River Western Australia

TAHBILK 1860 Vines Shiraz Nagambie Lakes Victoria

TYRRELL’S Vat 1 Semillon Hunter Valley New South Wales

WENDOUREE Cabernet Sauvignon Clare Valley South Australia

WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE John Riddoch Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra

YALUMBA The Octavius Old Vine Shiraz Barossa South Australia

Excellent 高级(36 Wines)

BANNOCKBURN Serre Pinot Noir Geelong Victoria

BEST’S Bin No.O Great Western Shiraz Grampians Victoria

BINDI Original Vineyard Pinot Noir Macedon Ranges Victoria

CAPE MENTELLE Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River Western Australia

CORIOLE Lloyd Reserve Shiraz McLaren Vale South Australia

CRAIGLEE Shiraz Sunbury Victoria

DALWHINNIE Moonambel Shiraz Pyrenees Victoria

DOMAINE A Cabernet Sauvignon Coal River Valley Tasmania

ELDERTON Command Single Vineyard Shiraz Barossa Valley

FOX CREEK Reserve Shiraz McLaren Vale South Australia

GIACONDA Warner Vineyard Shiraz Beechworth Victoria

HENSCHKE Cyril Henschke Cabernet Sauvignon Eden Valley South Australia

HOUGHTON Jack Mann Cabernet Frankland River Great Southern

HOWARD PARK Abercrombie Cabernet Great Southern-Margaret River WA

KATNOOK ESTATE Prodigy Shiraz Coonawarra South Australia

LAKE’S FOLLY White Label Cabernet Blend Hunter Valley New South Wales

LEO BURING Leonay Riesling Eden/Watervale South Australia

MAIN RIDGE ESTATE Half Acre Pinot Noir Mornington Peninsula Victoria

MOUNT MARY Chardonnay Yarra Valley Victoria

NOON Reserve Cabernet Langhorne Creek South Australia

PARINGA ESTATE The Paringa Single Vineyard Pinot Noir Mornington Peninsula

PARKER COONAWARRA ESTATE Terra Rossa First Growth Cabernet Merlot

PENFOLDS Magill Estate Shiraz Adelaide South Australia

PENFOLDS RWT Shiraz Barossa South Australia

PETALUMA Coonawarra Coonawarra South Australia

PETER LEHMANN Stonewell Shiraz Barossa South Australia

SEPPELT St Peters Great Western Vineyards Shiraz Grampians Victoria

ST HALLETT Old Block Shiraz Barossa South Australia

TORBRECK Descendant Shiraz Viognier Barossa Valley South Australia

VASSE FELIX Heytesbury Cabernet Blend Margaret River Western Australia

WENDOUREE Cabernet Malbec Clare Valley South Australia

WENDOUREE Shiraz Malbec Clare Valley South Australia

WENDOUREE Shiraz Mataro Clare Valley South Australia

WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

YARRA YERING Dry Red Wine No.1 Cabernet Yarra Valley Victoria

YERINGBERG Cabernet Blend Yarra Valley Victoria

Distinguished 优秀(38 wines)

BOWEN ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

CASTAGNA Genesis Syrah Beechworth Victoria

CHARLES MELTON Nine Popes Shiraz Grenache Mourvedre Barossa Valley SA

COLDSTREAM HILLS Reserve Pinot Noir Yarra Valley Victoria

CRAWFORD RIVER WINES Riesling Henty Victoria

d’ARENBERG WINES The Coppermine Road Cabernet Sauvignon McLaren Vale SA

FREYCINET VINEYARD Pinot Noir East Coast Tasmania

JACOB’S CREEK St. Hugo Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

KATNOOK ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

KILIKANOON Oracle Shiraz Clare Valley South Australia

LEEUWIN ESTATE Art Series Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River

LINDEMANS Limestone Ridge Vineyard Shiraz Cabernet Coonawarra

MAJELLA Cabernet Coonawarra South Australia

MCWILLIAM’S Mount Pleasant Maurice O’Shea Shiraz Hunter Valley

MOUNT LANGI GHIRAN Langi Shiraz Grampians Victoria

PARINGA ESTATE The Paringa Single Vineyard Shiraz Mornington Peninsula

PENFOLDS Bin 28 Kalimna Shiraz South Australia

PENFOLDS Bin 128 Shiraz Coonawarra South Australia

PENFOLDS Bin 407 Cabernet Sauvignon South Australia

PETALUMA Hanlin Hill Riesling Clare Valley South Australia

PEWSEY VALE The Contours Riesling Eden Valley South Australia

ROLF BINDER Veritas Hanisch Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

SALLY’S PADDOCK Redbank Winery Cabernet Shiraz Cab Franc Merlot Pyrenees

SAVATERRE Chardonnay Beechworth Victoria

TIM ADAMS The Aberfeldy Shiraz Clare Valley South Australia

TURKEY FLAT Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

TYRRELL’S Vat 47 Chardonnay Hunter Valley New South Wales

VASSE FELIX Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River Western Australia

VOYAGER ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Margaret River Western Australia

WANTIRNA ESTATE Amelia Cabernet Merlot Yarra Valley Victoria

WILD DUCK CREEK ESTATE Springflat Shiraz Heathcote Victoria

WIRRA WIRRA RSW Shiraz McLaren Vale South Australia

WOLF BLASS Black Label South Australia

WOLF BLASS Platinum Label Shiraz South Australia

WOODLANDS Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River Western Australia

WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE Michael Shiraz Coonawarra South Australia

YALUMBA The Signature Cabernet Shiraz Barossa South Australia

YARRA YARRA VINEYARD The Yarra Yarra Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon Yarra Valley

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